Orange County, North Carolina is in the rolling, north-central Piedmont section of N.C., approximately midway between Washington, DC, and Atlanta, GA. Orange County is located on the edge of the renowned Research Triangle Park and is bordered by Person County, Durham County, Chatham County, Alamance County and Caswell County.
The 2008 estimated Orange County population was 126,532, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. This was a 9.5 percent increase from the year 2000. The median household income was $55,028 in 2007, significantly above the state average of $44,772. For the fiscal year 2008-09, Orange County had the second highest property tax rate in North Carolina.
There are three incorporated municipalities located primarily in Orange County: Carrboro, Chapel Hill and Hillsborough. Hillsborough, the county seat, is ideally situated at the intersection of Interstate 85 and Interstate 40. In fact, Orange County is easily accessible by auto, rail or airline. Amtrak provides rail service and the nearby Raleigh-Durham International Airport provides air transportation.
Top area attractions include the Kenan Memorial Stadium (the home field of the North Carolina Tar Heels), the Triangle Sportsplex and the world-class Morehead Planetarium and Science Center. The Chapel Hill / Orange County Visitors’ Bureau shows recent tax revenues from travel to Orange County amounting to $11.23 million split between the state and county. This represents an $87 tax saving to each county resident.
Orange County, North Carolina is the proud home of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, the flagship institution of the University of North Carolina. The historic University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is the oldest state-supported university in the United States. Its cornerstone was laid on October 12, 1793, near the ruins of a chapel, chosen because of its central location within the state.
If you are facing state criminal charges, including filing a false tax return, a violation of employee withholding laws or a sales and use tax violation, your case will be heard in one of the state’s trial courts. North Carolina’s unified statewide court system is known as the General Court of Justice. There are three divisions: the Appellate Division, the Superior Court and the District Court. The Superior Court and District Courts are commonly referred to as the North Carolina trial courts. Orange County is located in Judicial District 15 for state court. Both civil and criminal cases are heard in District Court and Superior Court. The main county courthouse is located at 106 E Margaret Lane in Hillsborough. There are alternate courthouse locations in Chapel Hill and on King St. in Hillsborough. The Appellate Division includes the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals. Both are located in Raleigh, the state capital.
The Orange County Sheriff’s Office provides law enforcement services to the county. The sheriff also has the responsibility of maintaining and operating the county jail.
If you have been charged with a federal white collar or tax crime — including tax evasion, failure to file or use of abusive tax shelters — your case will be heard in federal court. The United States District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina is the federal trial court serving the 24 counties in central North Carolina, including Orange County. Appeals are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the U.S. Fourth Circuit.