Chatham County, NC

Chatham County, North Carolina is centrally located between the Research Triangle Park and Piedmont Triad regions in the heart of N.C. Chatham County is less than an hour’s drive from many of North Carolina’s major business and population centers, including Raleigh, Durham and Greensboro.

Chatham County, NC, established in 1771 from a portion of Orange County, is bordered by Orange County to the north, Durham County to the northeast, Wake County to the east, Harnett County to the southeast, Lee County to the south, Moore County to the southwest, Randolph County to the west and Alamance County to the northwest.

Chatham County’s population of 63,077 (2008 U.S. Census Bureau), is an increase of 27.9 percent since 2000. Chatham County, NC has seen residential growth in the eastern part of the county near Chapel Hill, Durham and Cary, with many large-scale residential developments. Chatham’s beauty, rural charm, enviable weather, and low property taxes have proven to be an irresistible attraction. In 1998, the Chatham County Board of Commissioners changed appraisals to determine property taxes every four years instead of every eight years.

Pittsboro is the county seat of Chatham County, NC, and Fearrington, Goldston, Pittsboro and Siler City are the only incorporated communities in Chatham. Major industries in Chatham County, NC include manufacturing and agriculture. With more than 1,000 farms, Chatham County ranks 1st in North Carolina for beef cattle production, according to the U.S. Census for Agriculture. Chatham County’s manufacturing industries include wood products, chemicals, machinery and NC’s famed furniture. The Chatham County government and the Chatham County Economic Development Corporation work jointly to attract new business to Chatham County’s western region; innovations include offering tax breaks concurrent with the number of jobs created. The county is also developing a 480-acre parcel of land into an industrial park.

The manufacturing industry prospers because of Chatham County’s access to major highways, railway services and international airports. Interstates 40, 85 and 95 are within an hour of the county. The Raleigh-Durham International Airport in Raleigh, Piedmont Triad International in Greensboro, and the Siler City Municipal Airport provide air travel services.

The Chatham County Public Schools provide excellent public education; Central Carolina Community College serves Chatham, Harnett County and Lee County residents seeking continuing education.

If you have been charged with a federal white collar or tax crime — tax evasion, failure to file or use of abusive tax shelters — your case will be heard in federal court. The United States District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina is the federal court serving the 24 counties in central North Carolina, including Chatham County. Appeals are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the U.S. Fourth Circuit.

If you are facing state criminal charges, including filing a false tax return, a violation of employee withholding laws or a sales and use tax violation, your case will be heard in one of the state’s trial courts. North Carolina’s unified statewide court system is known as the General Court of Justice. There are three divisions: the Appellate Division, the Superior Court and the District Court. The Superior Court and District Courts are commonly referred to as the North Carolina trial courts. Chatham County is located in Judicial District 15B for state court. Both civil and criminal cases are heard in District Court and Superior Court. The main county courthouse is located at 12 E St in Pittsboro.

The Chatham County Sheriff’s Department, Pittsboro Police Department, and Siler City Police Department provide law enforcement for Chatham County’s residents.

Federal Criminal Tax Information

State Criminal Tax Information